Monthly Archive for August, 2014

Colorado’s First Labor Day

In February 1887, Oregon was the first state to create a legal holiday for Labor Day. Colorado followed by formally creating a Labor Day holiday in February and March legislative sessions. Read on to learn more about Colorado’s first Labor Day celebrations.  You can also visit here to read the story of a disastrous first Labor Day in Manhattan.

The Legislature (scroll down to “Friday, February 18”)
Fort Morgan Times
February 25, 1887

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Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary

The film The Wizard of Oz was released to the public 75 years ago on August 25, 1939. Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney toured the country promoting the film, despite the fact that Rooney was not in the movie.  While it was not a big hit when first released, The Wizard of Oz has gained a faithful following in 75 years. It will be re-released in theaters in September 2014.

Star Dust
Aspen Daily Times
March 24, 1939

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Stranded By War

August 1914 was the height of the tourist season in Europe.  When war broke out, over 100,000 United States citizens were trapped overseas.  They were unable to get cash, due to the war and the U.S. banking crisis, and there were no ships available to bring them home.  President Wilson needed a solution and he needed it quickly.

Hundred Thousand Panic
Fairplay Flume
August 7, 1914

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Bicycle Convention in Denver

The USA Pro Cycling Challenge hits Colorado August 18 – 24, 2014. Another bicycle convention was held in Denver 120 years ago, complete with a cross country relay from Washington, D. C. The League of American Wheelmen met and raced in Denver August 13 – 19, 1894.

Rio Grande Excursions
Silverton Standard
July 7, 1894

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FizzBoomRead – End of Summer Snow Crafts

For our final FizzBoomRead collection, we present Snow Crafts.  How could we resist the opportunity to share instructions on building a snowball catapult – even if it is August?  You can always file these away until the snow flies.

Boys’ Handicraft – How to Make a Snow Plow
Kit Carson County Record
October 17, 1912

New Ideas for Handy Boys – The Home-Made Skate-Sails
Colorado Transcript
December 18, 1913

Handicraft for Boys and Girls – A Snowball Mortar
Kiowa County Press
January 21, 1916


These articles come from the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection, a service of the Colorado State Library, History Colorado, and libraries, historical societies, and community organizations in Colorado.


FizzBoomRead – Projects with Wood

From the simple (backyard swings) to the complex (lemonade stand) these instructables will help you get started in construction. And just in time for Back-to-School, details on building a writing desk.

Boys’ Handicraft – Details of the Packing-Case Dog House
Kit Carson County Record
November 28, 1912

Boys’ Handicraft – A Tool-Chest and A Tool-Rack
Colorado Transcript
May 8, 1913

Boys’ Handicraft – Details of Lemonade Stand with a Cash Drawer
Colorado Transcript
May 29, 1913

Boys’ Handicraft – Back Yard Swings
Colorado Transcript
June 12, 1913

Boys’ Handicraft – Details of Home-Made Writing Desk
Colorado Transcript
July 24, 1913

Handicraft for Boys and Girls – A Homemade Writing Desk
Oak Creek Times
March 9, 1916

These articles come from the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection, a service of the Colorado State Library, History Colorado, and libraries, historical societies, and community organizations in Colorado.

Celebrate National Coffee Month

August is National Coffee Month, although you may want to celebrate with an iced coffee instead of an espresso in Colorado’s summer heat.  Almost one third of the world’s coffee is produced in Brazil, and over 140 billion cups of coffee are enjoyed in the United States each year.  For some caffeine-free fun, read through these early coffee ads, including one for an electric coffee pot sponsored by the Western Colorado Power Company.

Carson, The Grocer, Blanke’s Faust Blend Coffee
Littleton Independent
July 25, 1902

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FizzBoomRead – Water Crafts

These instructables give you an excuse to spend time around cool, clear water for the end of summer!  Try your hand at building a bird bath for your backyard wildlife, or a Water Glass for yourself so you can see what’s happening underwater.

Boys’ Handicraft – A Toy Water Motor
Colorado Transcript
March 27, 1913

Handicraft for Boys and Girls – Bird Baths
Oak Creek Times
December 14, 1916

For Boys to Make Handicraft – A Water-Glass
Fort Collins Courier
April 29, 1920

These articles come from the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection, a service of the Colorado State Library, History Colorado, and libraries, historical societies, and community organizations in Colorado.

Health Information Resources for Limited English Proficient Persons

Numerous studies over the past 25 years have demonstrated a strong connection between language and health. Language can affect the accuracy of patient histories, the ability to engage in treatment decision-making, understanding a medical diagnosis or treatment, patient trust level with care providers, underuse of primary and preventative care, and lower use or misuse of medications. Culture also plays a significant role in health, healing and wellness belief systems – impacting how illness, disease, and their causes are perceived by the patient and the care provider.

The story of Mohammad Kochi illustrates how language and culture can impact health outcomes.  Mr. Kochi, a 63-year-old from Afghanistan, is diagnosed with stomach cancer. While he agrees to surgery, he declines chemotherapy due to religious beliefs, language barriers, and family conflict. Mr. Kochi is a Limited English Proficient (LEP) person.

An LEP person is defined as an individual who does not speak English as their primary language and have a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English. An LEP person’s national origin is based on ancestry, not citizenship. There are an estimated 25.3 million LEP individuals in the United States – up 81% since 1990.[1]

These persons are protected under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and all organizations receiving Federal financial assistance have a responsibility to take “reasonable” steps to ensure meaningful access to their programs and activities by persons with LEP. Title VI applies to many types of organizations including schools, hospitals, public health clinics, police departments, and social services.

Libraries can play a key role in supporting an organization’s ability to provide meaningful access, especially in the area of health information. The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has developed many no-cost LEP-friendly health information resources for a variety of age and language groups. In addition, there are government agencies and authoritative non-profit organizations creating free health information content to address the linguistic diversity of the communities you serve. (Resources)

Spanish is the predominant language – other than English – spoken in the MidContinental Region (MCR), though you may see communities with strong German, French, Vietnamese, Chinese, Navajo, or Algonquian populations[2]. The following table shows the LEP populations ages 5 and over in the MCR[3]:

Supporting LEP Person’s Access to Health Information

Public Libraries

Public libraries are highly focused on serving their local constituency, and continue to be an excellent conduit for transferring health information to community members with trained staff and technology infrastructure. For many citizens, the public library is the go-place for health information.


  1. What languages are represented in your community?
  2. What health information resources do you have access to in other languages?
  3. What organizations in your community might you work with to assist a non-English speaker with health information?


  • Local health departments, emergency responders, police and fire departments, clinics, hospitals, schools, churches.

K-12, Colleges, and Universities

Students whose first language is not English require language supports in order to meaningfully participate in school. Schools must also adequately communicate with limited-English-speaking parents about important school-related information in their preferred language.[4]

If you work in a K-12 setting, educators can utilize these resources in the classroom to help introduce, reinforce, and supplement health and science curricula; and school nurses can use them to enhance communication with students and parents. Here are the percentages of school-aged children of immigrants in the MCR[5]:

Colorado        24.30%

Kansas            28.52%

Missouri         29.67%

Nebraska        30.29%

Utah                29.06%

Wyoming        dataset too small for percentage

If you work with colleges or universities offering allied health or health sciences degrees, students would benefit from knowledge of these resources as future healthcare workers.


  1. What languages are represented in your school district, college, or university?
  2. What health information resources do you have in other languages?
  3. Who in your institution or community would benefit from these resources?
  4. Do you have access to trained interpreters? If so, what languages?


  • Teachers, faculty, school nurses, students, parents, administrators.

Medical Care and Public Health

Communication problems are the most common cause of serious adverse events with LEP patients and clients. They are at higher risk for longer hospital stays, readmission, misdiagnosis, and inappropriate treatment.


  1. What languages are represented in communities served by the medical care or public health staff?
  2. What health information resources do you have in other languages?
  3. Who in your institution or community would benefit from these resources?
  4. Do you have access to trained interpreters? If so, what languages?


Clinical staff, compliance staff, volunteers, case workers, patient navigators.

[1]Migration Policy Institute, Limited English Proficient Population of the United States. Accessed July 18, 2014.

[2] See the Resources section for multi-language and language identification tools.

[3] Authors’ tabulations from the US Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey (Table B16001. Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over). Accessed July 18, 2014.

[4] U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights. Title VI Enforcement Highlights, July 2012, p. 13. Accessed July 18, 2014.

[5] Urban Institute, Children of Immigrants Data Tool, 2011. Accessed July 21, 2014.

K-12 School Partnership Funding

Call for Applications (CFAs):

The National Network of Libraries of Medicine, MidContinental Region (NN/LM MCR), under contract with the National Library of Medicine, announces the availability of K-12 School Partnership funding.

The MCR plans to fund four awards up to $1,500 in Option Year 3 (May 2014-April 2015):

  • Deadline for submissions is September 30, 2014.
  • Recipients will be notified by October 7, 2014.
  • Projects must be completed by April 30, 2015.


The purpose of this award is to support new projects or enhance existing collaborative projects between a library (public, community college, medical/hospital, or academic health sciences) and a K-12 school entity (school library, school nurse, health/science teacher) involving National Library of Medicine health and/or science information that can serve as a model for other partnerships.

Examples of projects include:

  • Partnerships to provide access to health information to support health and/or science curriculum.
  • Partnerships to conduct innovative health and/or science information outreach programs.
  • Partnerships to benefit community access to health information.
  • Partnerships to improve access to health information for underserved/vulnerable populations.


Partners must be an NN/LM MCR Full or Affiliate member. Membership(s) may be confirmed by entering a zip code in the NN/LM Member Directory. Not a member, sign up today, it’s free.

Allocation of Funds

Reimbursements will be made to project leader upon receipt of invoice(s). Indirects and overhead are not allowable.


Quarterly and final reports are required.


Apply online.


If you have questions regarding this award, contact Dana Abbey or Monica Rogers, MCR Health Information Literacy Coordinators.